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高中英语必修一Unit5基础检测题

Book1 Unit5 Nelson Mandela 基础检测 一、单词表词汇 __________质量:品质;胜质 __________ 热心肠的 __________ 吝啬的;自私的;卑鄙的 __________ 积极的.活跃的 __________ 慷慨的大方的 __________随和的.温和宽容的 __________自私的 __________无私的.忘我的 __________ 无私地;忘我地 ___________________献身于……… __________ 侵略者 __________建设 __________ 共和国.共和政体 __________法则.原则;原理 __________ 升级;谋生 __________和*的.*静的.安宁的 __________巨大的.庞大的 __________人类 __________律师 __________指导.领导 __________法律的.依照法律的 __________费(会费、学费等)酬金 ___________________ 失业 __________有希望的 __________ 青年;青年时期 __________同盟;联双.联合会 __________舞台阶段;时期

__________投票;选举投票选票;表决 __________进攻;攻击;抨击 __________暴力;暴行 ___________________ 事实上 ___________________使充气;爆炸 __________ 相等的.*等的 ___________________ 在危险、受罚、 痛苦、忧虑的处境中 ___________________乐意,自愿做某事 __________不公正的.不公*的 ___________________求助于;致力于 __________ 引用语;语录 __________释放;发行 ___________________丧失勇气或信心 __________逃脱,逃走泄露 __________毛毯.毯子 __________教育 __________受过教育的.有教养的 ___________________ 当权;上台 __________ 请求;乞求 __________亲戚亲属 __________恐怖 恐怖时期 恐怖活动 __________残忍残酷 __________报酬;奖金酬劳.奖赏 ___________________ 建立 ___________________ 被判处(徒刑) __________ 反黑人的 __________总统;会长;校长;行长 ___________________依我看
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二、拓展词汇
1.________ adj. 积 极 的 ; 活 跃 的 →__________ adv.积极地→__________ n.活动 2. 自 我 ; 自 身 _________ 自 私 的 _________ 无私的;忘我的__________ 无私地; ________ 3________ vt.献身;专心于→______ adj. 忠实的;深爱的→_______ n.献身;奉 献 4.______ adj.和*的;*静的;安宁的 →_______ adv.和*地→_____ n.和*; 和睦 5.__________ n.指导;领导→________ v.指导;带领 6.__________ adj.怀有希望的;有希望的 →___________ n.希望;愿望 7._________ n.暴力;暴行→________ adj.暴力的;猛烈的→_______ adv.猛烈 地 8.______ adj. 相 等 的 ; * 等 的 →_____ n.*等;相等→_____ adv.相等地;公 *地 9._________vt. 教 育 ; 训 练 ; 培 养 →________ adj.受过教育的;有教养的 →_______ n . 教 师 ; 教 育 学 家 →________ n.教育;教育学;训练 10.________ n.恐怖;可怕的人;恐怖

时期;恐怖活动→________ n.恐怖主 义;恐怖统治→_____________n.恐怖 分子 11._______ n.残忍;残酷→_______adj. 残忍的;残酷的 12. meaning→___________adj.有意义的 13.ignore→________________n.无知;愚 昧 14.assist→________________n.帮助 15.significant→______________n.意义 16. perform→________________n.表演 17. intelligent→_______________n.智力 18.努力工作的________________ 19.考虑周到的________________ 20 把……应用在……________________ 21 重视……(attach)________________ 22 作为回报________________ 23 在某人看来(view)________________ 24 当权________________ 25 反对做某事(object)_______________ 26 处理;料理________________ 27 等于/胜任做某事________________ 28 无与伦比________________ 29 逃避做某事________________ 30 九死一生________________ 31 作为对……报酬________________ 32 不 怕 费 事 或 困 难 尽 力 做 某 事 ______________________________

三.单句改错 1. He is the only one of the students who were here just now.
2. Her illness has developed to the point that nobody can cure her. 3. They will fly to Washington, in where they plan to stay for two or three days. 4. The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, most of that are beyond our control. 5. We are living in an age that we have a lot of things to learn about. 6. That is the reason why I want to know. 7.After graduation, he returned to the city which he grew up. 8.She told me that the movie she saw it last night was wonderful. 9.His new bike, for that he paid 2,000 yuan, has already had to be repaired. 10.After supper, he usually stood near the window, on where he could see the tower, the tallest building of the town. 11.This is the factory where I visited last year accompanied by John. 12.My friend showed me round the town, that made me very happy. 13.The way how he spoke to his mother surprised us greatly. 14.I don’t believe the reason why he gave for being late, for it is typical of him to tell lies. 15.I wanted to find someone with who I could share my travel experiences. 16.The smile is one of the most important skills which all of us should learn.
四 完成句子 1.我第一次见到这个男孩时,认为他很老实。 I thought the boy honest _____________________________(the first time) I thought the boy honest ____________________________(for the first time) 2.只有通过努力学*我们才能成功。 __________________________________________________________________ 3 只有在那时候, 我才意识到英语的重要性。 __________________________________________________________________

4.只有虚心才能进步。
___________________________________________________________________ 5. 我们需要积极参加各种体育活动,注意心理健康,这和身体健康同样重要。
____________________________________________________________________ 6. 致力于社区活动,他受到了周围人的赞扬。(devote, 分词做状语)
7. 众所周知,如果我们有困难,是朋友而不是手机可以真正地帮助我们摆脱困境。
___________________________________________________________________________ 8. 在过去的几年里,我们学校目睹了巨大的变化。
___________________________________________________________________ 9. 每次我在公园里看到这位老人时,他都在专注地读报纸。
___________________________________________________________________
Answer: 拓展词汇 1. active—actively—activity 2. self-selfish-selfless-selflessly 3. devote-devoted-devotion 4. peaceful-peacefully-peace 5. guidance-guide 6. hopeful-hope 7.violence-violent-violently 8. equal-equality-equally 9.educate-educated-educator-education 10. terror-terrorism-terrorist 11. cruelty-cruel 12. meaningful 13.ignorant 14. assistant 15. significance16. performance 17.intelligence 18. hardworking 19.considerate 20.apply…to 21.attach importance to 22.in reward/ return 23. in one’s view 24.in power 25. object to 26. see to 27.be equal to 28. without equal= have no equal 29.escape doing sth 30. a narrow escape 31. as a reward for 32. take the trouble to do sth. 改错 1. were—was 2. that—where 3. 去掉 in 或 where—which 4.that---which 5. that—when 6.why---that/which 7. which→ where 或在 which 前加 in 8. 删去 it 9. that→ which 10. on→from 11. 删去 where 或 where→that/ which 12. that→ which 13. bow→that/ in which 或删去 how 14.删去 why 或 why→that/ which 15. who→whom 16. which→that 完成句子 1.the first time I saw him; when I saw him for the first time 2. Only by studying hard can we succeed. 3. Only then did I realize the importance of English. 4. Only if you are modest can you make progress. 5. We need to be active in all kinds of sports, and pay attention to mental health, which is equal to physical health. 6. Devoting himself to community activities, he is /was praised by the people around.
Devoted to community activities, he is /was praised by the people around. 7. As is known to us all, if we are in trouble, it is not our phones but our friends that can really help us out. 8. Our school has witnessed/seen great changes in the last few years. 9. Every/Each time I see the old man in the park, he is absorbed in reading newspapers.

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