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2013年中考英语精品复习资料 阅读理解议论文篇(二)

2013 年中考英语精品复习资料 阅读理解篇(二)
议论文 (6) A famous study was done in a school by a professor(教授) from a university.At the start of the school year, teachers were given the names of five children. the They were told that these five were the most excellent students in the class.But the fact was that these students were only average(中 等), they were not the best students at all. and Well, guess what? At the end of the year, the five all average students scored among the highest in the class. What made these average students change so much to become top students? The only difference was the change in their teachers’ attitude(态度).Because the teachers believed that these five kids were the top students,they expected(期望) more from them.And so these five average students began to believe and expect more from themselves. they worked harder to do as well as So they could. Do you know? If you expect the best from people,they’ll usually want to give you their best. great leader said, A “Treat(对待) a person just how he appears to be on the outside, you’ll and make him even worse.But treat a person like he’s already a success,and you’ll help make him the best he can be.” Like the true story of 7-year-old Johnny,his teacher got so angry with him that one day she said,“Johnny,you’re the naughtiest(最顽皮的) boy in this class.I’m sure you’ll never change.”The next year Johnny had a new teacher.And on the first day of class,she met with Johnny after school and said,“Johnny,I’ve heard a lot about you! But do you know that I don’t believe a word of it.”And everyday after that,this new teacher treated Johnny as if he was one of the smartest students even when Johnny did naughty things.Later on,Johnny became a school leader.Because that’s the power of our belief(信任) and attitude toward children. 根据短文内容,选择正确答案。(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 71.The professor started his research by ________. A.telling the five students to work harder than ever before B.teaching the five children himself
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C.telling the teacher the five students were the best in the class D.asking the five children to find a new teacher 72.The five average students became top students mainly because of ________. A.the professor’s study B.the change in the professor’s attitude C.the teachers’ hard work D.the change in the teachers’ attitude 73.Why did the writer tell us the story of 7-year-old Johnny? A.To show the importance of encouragement. B.To show that the boy was clever enough. C.To let us know the famous boy. D.To let us know how good his new teacher was. 74.According to the story,we can learn that ________. A.the research began at the end of the school year B.the students scored highest only because they worked hard C.if you expect the most from people,you’ll get the least D.little Johnny liked his new teacher very much 75.What does the passage mainly tell us? A.If you want to get more,you should have new teachers. B.Attitude and belief can change a person. C.A professor’s study can help you score highest. D.Only teachers can make you a top student.

(7) Many Chinese students think American students enjoy more freedom than them at school.But American schools also have their rules.If the students break the rules,they will get punishment, too. On the first day of a new term,128 students of Morton High School were sent home for wearing the wrong clothes.There are altogether 1200 students in the school.Usually only 20
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students break the school dress rule every day.So the headmaster Theresa Mayerik said it was the worst new term she had ever seen. At Morton High School,students’ favorite clothing such as baggy(宽大的) trousers, low-necked shirts and tank tops(紧身短背心) are not allowed in classrooms.Some students think they have the right to choose what to wear,but the headmaster doesn’t think so.“I’d be supportive if half the school was sent home,because 99% will get the message that our school are for education.”“Freedom”does not mean“free of restrictions(约束)”.That is to say there is no total freedom in the world,no matter in the US or in China. 46.Many Chinese students think that ________. A.American students are very free at school B.American students are not so clever as them C.American students don’t love their school at all 47.128 students of Morton High School were sent home for ________. A.not finishing their homework B.being late for school C.not wearing the right clothes 48.Some students in Morton High School think that they have the right to ________. A.decide when to go to school B.choose what to wear C.eat and drink in class 49.What does the underlined word“supportive”mean in Chinese? A.高兴的 B.支持的 C.害怕的

50.What’s the writer’s attitude(态度) to the school dress rule? A.Agree. B.Disagree(不同意). C.Not sure.

(8) If you have failed in the past to try to make big changes in life,try again now,one tiny step at a time. Every year it’s the same.As December comes to an end.you think about the new year and all
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the ways you want to improve your life.But as you start to write down your hopes for the new year,you think about the last year.You excitedly write down all the changes you are going to make,but by the end of January those ideas get lost in your busy life. Here’s a suggestion:Forget the too big,hard-to-achieve goals and just think about the small ones.“We often think that we have to do everything in big steps.even though it’s so hard for us to reach it,”said Robert Maurer,who recently wrote the book One Small Step Can Change Your Life.“What we try to do is to begin with such a small step that we can’t find any excuse not to do it.” “Kaizen”,a Japanese word,is used to mean to change behavior and attitudes(态度).During World War Ⅱ ,American factory managers were able to increase productivity by trying small, continuous improvements instead of sudden changes.After the war,the idea was brought to a rebuilding(重建) Japan.It made Japan develop fast.The Japanese called it“kaizen”,which means“improvement”. Maurer studied the idea and did some experiments with it: “Kaizen”could possibly help people succeed in doing everything. 61.At the end of December,people usually ________. A.fail to make big changes C.think about the new year B.plan for the last year D.try to lose their ideas

62.Robert Maurer wrote a book to tell us ________. A.we should do everything in big steps B.how to change one’s life with,0ne small step C.we should try a lot of sudden changes D.how to find a small step without any excuse 63.The underlined part“increase productivity”in the passage means“________”. A.提高生产率 B.增加成本 C.增加出口量 D.提高待遇

64.The writer of the passage suggests we should ________. A.make changes at the end of the year B.do few experiments with“kaizen” C.do things with hard—to—achieve goals D.take a tiny step to achieve big goals
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65.Which of the following is TRUE from the passage? A.You can achieve your goals if you are not too busy. B.Robert Maurer studied“kaizen”and found it helpful. C.You can’t find any excuse not to reach a big goal. D.“Kaizen”was brought to Japan during World WarⅡ .

(9) 阅读下面短文,把 A~D 四个句子填入文中空缺处(66~69),使短文内容完整正确,然后完 成第 70 题。 We often hear that children wish they were grown-ups,and that old people wish they were young. 66 The happiest people enjoy what each age gives them without wasting their time in useless regrets. Childhood(童年) is a time when there are few duties; child is fed, A looked after and loved by an grown-ups like parents or grandparehts. 67 However.for older people they often lose their interest in those things. On the other hand(另一方面),a child may also have some pains with him. 68 told not to do something.He will certainly be shouted at for doing something wrong. When a child grows up,he can no longer expect others to pay for his food,clothes, room and many other things. 69 If he still spends most of his time playing as he used to in childhood,he will go hungry.If,however,he works hard and has no trouble,he can build up his own position in society with great happiness. A.What’s more,life is always giving new things to him. B.And he has to work if he wants t0 live comfortably. C.He is not so free to do what he wishes to do. D.Each age has its own pleasures and its own pains. 70.What is the best title of the passage? A.Childhood Is a Happy Time C.Happy Position in Society
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He is often

B.No Pains at Any Age D.Enjoy Your Whole Life

(10) The Secret of Success 61.Your best chance of success is by doing what you really want to do. Ask yourself, “If money were not so important, what kind of work would I do for free?” Then just do what you like to do. 62.Think about what you are going to do. You have to start somewhere and it may be quite a real beginning. Whether you are beginning in business or you’re dreaming to be a star, you have to start at the bottom. 63.Great ambition(目标)is necessary. An English student called Richard Branson opened a student magazine when he was only 16 years old. But he didn’t stop there. He also opened a record business with many shops, and now his company has planes, trains and cars. 64.The only people who succeed without hard work are lottery (彩票)winners. You need a “can do” attitude(态度)and you must work step by step, which will help you get what you really want. You are on the right way to win the success. 65.If you always say someone is successful, it doesn’t mean anything to you. Learn from those who have already succeeded in something. especially where they do the same as you want to do 阅读以上 5 段语言材料,请找出与它们相对应的标题,并将其标号填入下列方框内。 61 62 63 64 65 E. Be prepared to work hard D. Find the work you love C. Follow the leaders B. Start small A. Think big

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(6)71-75.CDADB (7)46-50.ACBBA (8)61-65.CBADB (9)66-70.DACBD (10)61-65 DBAEC

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