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【创新方案】2013-2014学年高中政治 第五课 第二框 文化创新的途径同步课堂名师精讲 新人教版必修3

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i ndustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with har d, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w moment um for development, a ccel erating t ransformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, open, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluat i on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopm ent philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans ition course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas take root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Educa tion leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, effective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd t hi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

第二框

文化创新的途径

1.识记继承传统,推陈出新;面向世界,博采众长;文化发展要坚持正确的方向,克 服错误倾向。 2.理解社会实践是文化创作的源泉,也是文化创新的根本途径。 3.通过学习认识到世界优秀文化的多样性是人类优秀文化创新的成果,我国的文化交 往要以我为主,博采众长。

[读教材·填要点] 知识点一 继承传统,推陈出新 1.文化创新的根本途径 立足于社会实践,是文化创作的基本要求, 也是文化创新的根本途径。 2.在文化继承中实现文化创新 (1)在社会实践的基础上,文化创新既是一个“取其精华、去其糟粕”,改造传统文化 的过程,又是一个“推陈出新、革故鼎新”,创造新文化、发展先进文化的过程。 (2)一方面,我们不能离开传统文化,空谈文化创新。另一方面,体现时代精神,是文 化创新的重要追求。 知识点二 面向世界,博采众长 (1)在社会实践的基础上,不同民族文化之间的交流、借鉴与融合,既是人类文明发展 的重要动力,也是文化创新必然要经历的过程。 (2)在文化交流、借鉴与融合的过程中,必须以世界优秀文化为营养,充分吸收外国文 化的有益成果。 (3)在学习和借鉴其他民族优秀文化成果时,要以我为主,为我所用。

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing povert y alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com binati on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty er a dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effects of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the com pletion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promote the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, our in -de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cret ary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northea st China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i nd ustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w mom ent um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans ition course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas ta ke root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, ef fective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

知识点三 坚持正确方向,克服错误倾向 (1)克服“守旧主义”和“封闭主义”的错误倾向,即固守本民族的传统文化,拒绝接 受新文化和任何外来文化的倾向。 (2)克服“民族虚无主义”和“历史虚无主义”的错误倾向,即一味推崇外来文化,根 本否定传统文化的倾向。 (3)要求:我们要立足于发展中国特色社会主义的实践,着眼于人民群众不断增长的精 神文化需求,发扬中华民族优秀文化传统,汲取世界各民族文化的长处,在内容和形式上积 极创新,努力铸造中华文化的新辉煌。 [议话题·强认知] 4+4 等于 8;2+6 等于 8,6+2 也等于 8,但有人却奇迹般地让 2+6 或 6+2 大于了 4 +4,这是为什么呢? 事情还要从美国的金门大桥说起。金门大桥是“4+4”8 车道模式,但由于上下班的车 流在不同时段出现两个半边分布不均匀的现象,所以桥上经常发生堵车问题。 为了解决这一问题,美国当地政府决定在金门大桥旁边再建造一座大桥。 一位年轻人得知这个消息后, 向当地政府建议, 不再建大桥也能很好地解决桥上堵车问 题。 年轻人说: “在桥面不增宽的情况下, 可以在有限的 8 车道上做文章, 完全可以让‘8’ 大于‘8’。”这位年轻人的妙计就是,把原来的“4+4”车道模式,按上下班的车流不同, 改为“6+2” 模式或“2+6”模式。也就是说,在上班或下班这个特殊的时段,车 流拥挤的一边,扩展为 6 车道,而另一边则缩减为 2 车道,但整个桥面的 车道仍是 8 个车道。 当地政府采纳了年轻人的建议, 从此大桥堵车的问题 很好地得到了解决。而就是这个金点子,为当地政府节约了再建大桥的上亿元资金。

阅读故事,年轻人把原来的“4+4”车道模式,改为“6+2”模式或“2+6”模式,从 而轻松解决大桥堵车的问题,对我们有什么样的启示? 提示:(1)生活和学习需要改变,需要创新。 (2)在我们的生活和学习过程中,我们需要在吸收有效资源的基础上充分利用,进行创 新。 (3)我们优秀的传统文化需要创新,这样才能符合今天的需要。

[析重点·解难点] 一、如何进行文化创新
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de ci sion made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com bina ti on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effects of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promote the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, our in -de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

with the stea dy work of

2

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i ndustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our regio n, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w moment um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, open, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans it ion course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas take root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, effective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we mu st rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

(1)立足于社会实践,是文化创新的基本要求,是文化创新的根本途径。 (2)对本民族文化批判继承,将传统文化与时代精神相结合,“取其精华、去其糟粕”, “推陈出新、革故鼎新”,这是文化创新的基本途径。 (3)必须以世界优秀文化为营养,充分吸收外国文化的有益成果。在学习和借鉴其他民 族优秀文化成果时,要以我为主,为我所用。要坚持不同民族文化之间的相互交流、借鉴和 融合。 (4)坚持正确方向,克服错误倾向。要克服“守旧主义”和“封闭主义”、“民族虚无 主义”和“历史虚无主义”,保证文化创新沿着正确的方向、采取正确的方法进行。 二、如何正确对待外来文化 (1)承认、尊重文化的多样性,坚持各国文化一律平等的原则。每个民族的文化都有自 己的精粹。不同民族文化之间 ,只有平等交流、相互借鉴,才能共享世界文化创新的成果。 (2)在文化交流、借鉴与融合的过程中,必须以世界优秀文化为营养,充分吸收外国文 化的有益成果,因为每一国的文化都有良莠之别。优秀的文化促进社会的发展,落后腐朽的 文化则阻碍社会的发展。 (3)在学习和借鉴其他民族优秀文化成果时,要以我为主,为我所用。 (4)坚决反对一味固守本民族的传统文化,拒绝接受新文化和任何外来文化的“守旧主 义”和“封闭主义”,以及一味推崇外来文化,根本否定传统文化的“历史虚无主义”和 “民族虚无主义”。同时,也应高度警惕文化殖民主义,防止西方国家以文化为手段对我国 进行文化渗透,维护我国文化安全。 三、努力铸造中华文化的新辉煌 (1)立足于改革开放和社会主义现代化建设的实践,着眼于人民群众不断增长的精神文 化需求,在历史与现实、东方与西方的文化交汇点上,发扬中华民族优秀文化传统,汲取世 界各民族文化的长处,在内容和形式上积极创新,努力铸造中华文化的新辉煌。 (2)坚持在中国共产党的领导和马克思主义的指导下,实现中华民族的伟大复兴。 [悟典题·明考向] 文化创新的途径

[典例 1] 围绕“我上春晚了”, 2013 年中央电视台把舞台延伸到基层, 一批来自普通 百姓的草根明星走上春晚大舞台,体现了“开门办、大联欢、平民性”等特点,从而充分彰 显出“欢天喜地,创新美好生活;欢歌笑语,共享阖家幸福”的主题。这表明( ①春晚需要立足于实践进行创新 ②春晚应满足大众多样化需求 ③继承传统是春晚的基本特色 ④通俗春晚比经典春晚更有优势
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief an d devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com binati on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effect s of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promot e the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation co nstruction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial a nd farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, o ur in-de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

)

with the stea dy work of

3

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cret ary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northea st China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i nd ustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w mom ent um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans ition course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas ta ke root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, ef fective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

A.①② C.②③

B.①④ D.③④

[解析] ③错,继承传统不是春晚的基本特色。④错,通俗春晚并非比经典春晚更有优 势。①②符合题意,答案选 A。 [答案] A [演练 1] 有一次,王安石看见两句诗“明月当空叫,黄犬卧花心”。王安石看后不觉 发笑,心想:“明月”怎会叫?“黄犬”怎会卧在花心上?于是他提笔改为“明月当空照, 黄犬卧花阴”。后来他游历南方,发现南方有一种鸟叫“明月”,叫声婉转动听;有一种昆 虫叫“黄犬”,常在花心上飞来飞去。这下他才明白,那两句诗是对的。从材料中可以看出 ( ) A.我们应积极进行文化创新 B.立足于社会实践是文化创新的根本途径 C.人民群众是文化创新的主体 D.文化多样性是文化创新的根本途径 解析: 王安石游历南方发现自己把诗改错了, 这一事例说明立足社会实践是文化创作的 根本途径。B 项正确说明了题意。A、C 两项说法正确,但不能正确说明题意。D 项说法错误, 文化创新的根本途径是社会实践,所以选 B。 答案:B [演练 2] 2012 年 10 月 11 日, 诺贝尔委员会将诺贝尔文学奖授予中国作家莫言。 莫言 获奖后表示:“作家最重要的是作品,不是奖项。能让他站稳脚跟的是作家对现实生活的关 注, 对土地的热爱, 最重要的是脚踏实地的描写人的生活。 ”对莫言的话理解错误的是( A.文学创作要与生活实践相结合 B.文化创作要以社会实践为根本途径 C.中国独特的文化是其创作源泉 D.文学创作必须关注群众的生活和需求 解析:题意反映了作家创作与生活实践、群众的关系,A、B、D 项均是对莫言的话的正 确解读,不选。实践是文学创作的源泉,C 项错误,入选。 答案:C )

文化继承与创新的关系 (1)继承不是简单地累积和复制。没有创新就没有发展,发展是最好的继承。 (2)创新是在批判基础上融合新的实践经验的升华。 (3)创新是发展,有批判继承才有创新,才能不断创造新文化。 创新与借鉴、融合
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de ci sion made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com bina ti on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effects of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promote the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, our in -de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

with the stea dy work of

4

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i ndustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our regio n, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w moment um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, open, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans it ion course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas take root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, effective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we mu st rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

[典例 2] (2012·浙江高考)好莱坞电影《功夫熊猫》的文化元素多半是中国的,功夫 是中国的,熊猫是中国的,场景是中国的,但熊猫阿宝怎么看都不像中国的大侠。这告诉我 们( ) ①文化符号比文化精神更重要 ②繁荣我国文化应借鉴好莱坞的文化创新理念 ③繁荣我国文化的关键是继承我国的传统文化 ④文化既是民族的又是世界的 A.①② C.①③ B.②④ D.③④

[解析] 中国的功夫、熊猫、场景等文化元素被好莱坞演绎为《功夫熊猫》 ,说明文化 是民族的, 也是世界的, 也启示我们要繁荣我国的文化应该借鉴好莱坞的文化创新理念, ②④ 正确。①③说法错误。 [答案] B [演练 3] (2011·北京高考)歌剧《木兰诗篇》是我国艺术家创作的一部优秀作品。该 剧吸纳欧洲歌剧艺术的表现手段,融入中国戏曲的表演形式,讴歌了伟大的民族精神,在国 内外获得高度评价。这表明( )

A.不同民族文化的竞争促进了文化融合 B.不同艺术形式的融合有助于文化发展 C.不同民族文化的融合是文化发展的关键 D.东西方艺术都应当保持各自的民族特色 解析:本题考查文化交流与发展的知识,意在考查考生的分析理解能力。根据题干中的 “吸纳欧洲歌剧艺术的表现手段”“融入中国戏曲的表演形式”“在国内外获得高度评 价”, 可以分析出不同艺术形式的融合有助于文化发展, B 当选。 题干没有体现文化的竞争、 保持民族文化特色,A、D 不选。文化发展的关键是促进本民族文化的发展,C 错误。 答案:B [演练 4] 漫画《洗澡》反映了( )

A.加强中国传统文化教育已经迫在眉睫 B.文化创新要继承传统、推陈出新、革故鼎新
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief an d devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com binati on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effect s of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promot e the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation co nstruction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial a nd farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, o ur in-de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

with the stea dy work of

5

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cret ary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northea st China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i nd ustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w mom ent um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans ition course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas ta ke root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, ef fective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

C.文化教育是人类特有的传承文化的能动性活动 D.文化教育中存在只注重中国传统文化排斥外来文化的偏差 解析:漫画主要讽刺的是在文化创新过程中,没有处理好民族文化与外来文化的关系, 犯了拒绝接受新文化和任何外来文化的守旧主义、封闭主义错误,答案为 D。 答案:D

准确理解对待外来文化的基本原则 (1)“以我为主”,就是在对世界文化精华的汲取中,保持民族文化的主体意识和独立 性。 (2)“为我所用”就是辩证取舍、择善而从,批判地吸收对我们有用的东西,并结合本 国国情进行改造、整合和创新。 (3)同时应高度警惕文化殖民主义,防止西方国家用文化手段对我国进行文化渗透,输 入他们的意识形态、价值观念和生活方式等。

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de ci sion made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com bina ti on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effects of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promote the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, our in -de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

with the stea dy work of

6

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i ndustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our regio n, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w moment um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, open, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans it ion course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas take root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, effective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we mu st rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

世界客属第 25 届恳亲大会在三明举行

2012 年 11 月,世界客属第 25 届恳亲大会在三明举行。吉祥物 “葛藤娃·阿明” 是一个由龙角、龙鼻、葛藤叶、客家服饰等文化 要素组合成的一个卡通小孩形象,身着客家服饰,张开双臂、快步向 前, 跳跃的步伐既表达了三明客家人喜迎世界客属乡贤回家的欢快心 情,又寓意了三明科学发展、跨越发展的良好势头;高举的大拇指既 反映出三明客家人办好世客会的坚定信心, 又象征着世界客属乡贤对 三明及三明客家人的赞誉之情。

运用文化传承与创新的有关知识,谈谈你对世界客属第 25 届恳亲大会吉祥物创意的认 识。 (1)吉祥物中富有地方特色的客家服饰、葛藤叶和具有鲜明时代特征的整体形象,体现 了立足社会实践是文化创新的根本途径。 (2)该吉祥物创意融合了中国传统文化、地方特色文化与时代精神,体现了文化创新要 继承传统,推陈出新。

1.吉祥物“葛藤娃·阿明” 是一个由龙角、龙鼻、葛藤叶、客家服饰等文化要素组合 成的一个卡通小孩形象,通过对福建古文明、闽文化精髓的全面阐释,融合福建宽厚质朴民 风、和谐的社会风尚提炼创作而成。这启示我们( A.客观事物是文化创新的源泉 B.文化创新要继承传统,推陈出新 C.要尊重和理解文化的差异和个性 D.对传统文化的继承,可以促进文化发展 解析:吉祥物“葛藤娃·阿明”包含闽越文化的精髓,又包含着和谐的社会风尚,B 项 正确。社会实践是文化创新的源泉,A 项观点错误;对传统文化优秀部分的继承,可以促进 文化发展,D 项观点错误。C 项不符合题意。 答案:B 2.世客会被称为“客家人的奥运会”,是目前世界上联系广泛、影响巨大的华人盛会
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief an d devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com binati on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effect s of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promot e the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation co nstruction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial a nd farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, o ur in-de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

)

with the stea dy work of

7

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cret ary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northea st China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i nd ustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w mom ent um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans ition course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas ta ke root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, ef fective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

之一。福建三明是世界客家人的祖域,作为客属后裔,全市人民热切期盼三明能够为世界客 属乡亲的聚会和交流作出贡献。 吉祥物“葛藤娃·阿明”表达了三明客家人喜迎世界客属乡 贤回家的欢快心情,又寓意了三明科学发展、跨越发展的良好势头。可见( )

①文化创新必须面向世界, 博采众长 ②吉祥物是文化整合的重要标志, 标志着各国文 化的趋同 ③文化创新要体现时代精神 ④世客会有利于让世界客家人认识三明、了解三

明、让三明走向世界 A.①② C.②③ B.①③ D.③④

解析:①观点强调的是不同民族文化交流,不符合题意;②说法否认了文化的多样性; ③④观点正确且符合题意,故应选 D 项。 答案:D

一、单项选择题(在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是最符合题目要求的) 一只肥胖笨拙的熊猫成为一流的功夫大师,这个发生在 2008 年夏天的传奇故事,吸引 着无数影迷的心。三年后,“神龙大侠”阿宝终于又回来了!好莱坞动画大片《功夫熊猫 2》 于 2011 年 5 月 28 日在普通影院和 IMAX 影院同步上映。据此回答 1~2 题。 1.功夫是中国的国粹,熊猫是中国的国宝,好莱坞能够把两个如此鲜明的中国元素有 机地结合起来,这一做法体现了( A.文化具有民族特色 B.不同民族文化的融合 C.文化来源于社会实践 D.文化发展需要博采众长 解析: 好莱坞将两个鲜明的中国元素——“功夫”和“熊猫”有机结合起来, 做到了博 采众长。A、B、C 均不符合题意。 答案:D 2.美国电影《功夫熊猫》横扫全球的背后,暴露的是中国电影文化视野狭窄,缺乏发 现力、创造力、想象力,实质是缺乏对本国文化的深层次理解。为此,我们最主要的是必须 进行( ) B.文化批判 D.文化创新 )

A.文化继承 C.文化借鉴

解析:题干材料揭示的是中国文化缺乏发现力、创造力和想象力,即缺乏创新。故选 D。
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de ci sion made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com bina ti on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effects of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promote the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, our in -de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

with the stea dy work of

8

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i ndustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our regio n, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w moment um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, open, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans it ion course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas take root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, effective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we mu st rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

答案:D 3.“拦街福”是温州特有的传统文化活动。2012 年的“拦街福”把传统民俗与现代城 市流行元素相结合, 把传统文化体验与文化产业发展相结合, 赋予传统“拦街福”新的时代 内涵。这表明( )

①文化生产力是现代经济发展的决定因素 ②文化发展要推陈出新、 革故鼎新 ③传统 文化是民族生存和发展的精神纽带 ④传统文化要顺应社会生活的变迁 A.①② B.③④ C.①③ D.②④

解析: 本题以温州特有的传统文化活动“拦街福”为背景, 考查传统文化的发展的有关 知识。文化生产力不是现代经济发展的决定因素,①说法错误;题干中的两个相结合,说明 文化发展要推陈出新,革故鼎新,②符合题意;③在材料中没有体现;由“把传统民俗与现 代城市流行元素相结合”可知,传统文化要顺应社会生活的变迁,④符合题意。故选 D。 答案:D 4.广东文化凭借其雄厚的实力,不仅已成为当代中国最具影响力的地域文化,还在多 个领域引导着时代新潮流。广东文化要保持这一优势,就必须( )

①在社会实践的基础上,坚持文化创新 ②继承传统,保持地方特色 ③面向世界,博 采众长 ④把发展文化产业作为当前工作的中心任务 A.②③④ B.①③④ C.①②④ D.①②③

解析:广东文化要保持这一优势,就必须要进行文化创新,①②③是文化创新的途径。 ④观点错误,当前工作的中心任务是发展经济,D 项正确。 答案:D 2 000 多年来,中国文化常常要面对其他文化,在不同文化相遇时,“见贤思齐”是我 们的理念。据此回答 5~6 题。 5.在经济全球化的浪潮中,文化交流崇尚“见贤思齐”。这就要求我们( A.用其他民族的文化改造本民族的文化 B.依照其他民族的优秀文化发展本民族文化 C.尊重其他民族文化 D.善于学习和借鉴各民族优秀文化成果,以发展本民族文化 解析: “见贤思齐”表明要吸收别人的长处以发展自己, 在对待外来文化上就是要学习 和借鉴外来文化的优秀成果,D 正确。A、B 表述错误,C 项不合题意。 答案:D 6.汲取世界文化的精华,必须同中国的实际相结合,坚持“以我为主,为我所用”的 原则。这是因为( ) )

A.外来文化是脱离实际的 B.中国文化是社会主义的文化,与资本主义的文化是无法融合的
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief an d devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com binati on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effect s of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promot e the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation co nstruction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial a nd farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, o ur in-de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

with the stea dy work of

9

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cret ary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northea st China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i nd ustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w mom ent um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans ition course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas ta ke root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, ef fective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

C.中国文化比西方文化更先进 D.只有保持文化的民族特色,中华文化才能永葆生命力,提升竞争力 解析:本题考查对待外来文化的正确态度,只有坚持“以我为主,为我所用”,才能保 持民族文化的特色,实现文化的创新,D 正确,A、B、C 表述错误。 答案:D 7.一些西方发达国家凭借强大的综合国力、先进的科技手段和发达的文化传播手段, 积极传播其价值观念和生活方式, 对包括中国在内的发展中国家的民族传统文化造成了严重 冲击。很多民族文化的特色正在逐渐消失,文化的多样性和丰富性也受到严重威胁。这一事 实告诉我们,在进行文化交流时( A.必须反对“封闭主义” B.要注意克服“民族虚无主义” C.应注意防止外来文化的传播 D.要注意克服“守旧主义” 解析: 材料主要强调在中外文化交流中要正确处理好本民族文化和外来文化的关系, 而 没有涉及当代文化与传统文化的关系,故 A、D 两项排除。材料中的民族文化特色正在逐步 消失,说明了我们需要克服“民族虚无主义”,故 B 项符合要求。C 说法错误。 答案:B 二、非选择题 8.对任何一个企业来讲,要持续创新绝不是一件易事,这更使得迪斯尼的成功充满神 奇的色彩。 迪斯尼公司并不是在使用“砸碎一个旧世界”的思路引导整个公司持续创新, 而 是有一个系统化的方式,运用已有的知识来指导员工,不断进行 5%的改进与改良,以此完 成了一个又一个令无数人绞尽脑汁的创新任务。规范化的业务流程与业务规则看似“腐 朽”,但却成为迪斯尼不断创新的源泉! )

迪斯尼公司推出米老鼠、唐老鸭、古飞狗等脍炙人口的卡通形象后,在连续创造数十年 的辉煌战绩之际,还能不断推出更新意的产品,今日我们还会发现,在迪斯尼动画梦工厂, 几乎每天都有新的创意产生, 每年都有新的动画大片推出, 这些新作品是如此全面地汲取原 有作品的优势与为人称道之处,同时又融入了创作者天才的创作灵感与智慧。迪斯尼作品, 始终能给我们以耳目一新、赏心悦目的感觉。 如何从文化生活角度理解迪斯尼公司的“5%的改进与改良”? 解析:“迪斯尼公司并不是在使用‘砸碎一个旧世界’的思路引导整个公司持续创新,
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de ci sion made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com bina ti on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effects of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promote the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, our in -de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

with the stea dy work of

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letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical thi ngs for the ma sses combi ne good, effective thr oug h reaching people at the s ervice of the "last mile". Third, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Jinping stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restr uct uring, revitalizati on of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast China is the State's maj or strategy, Ce ntral has i ssue d compre hensive opini ons of revitalizing Northea st Chi na and other old i ndustrial bases, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Nort heast China wer e ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sla cken off. Be firm with in the development ha s more to do with hard, a nd not muddl e along, pas sive ina ction. To rely on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our regio n, and gave us new requirements . We must s e ize the opportunit y, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, to start a nd target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng cadre s at all levels, a ctive, active, focusing on building ne w moment um for development, a ccel erating transformation of forest devel opme nt. To im plement the new development phil os ophy. Phil osophy is t he acti on gui de, new ideas and ne w devel opme nts. Carryi ng out innova tion, coor dinati on a nd development of green, open, s hared i deas, m ust be meas urabl e, dire ct action with new development concept s, training cadres . In a new dev elopment concept as a yardstick. E stablis hed i n line with the new conce pt of evaluation system and evaluati on criteri on, embodies t he new deve lopme nt policy, organi zation, mandate im plementati on, always mea sure d by the new dev elopment philosophy, continuous correcti on of forest trans it ion course. I n a ne w devel opme nt conce pt for the pat h command. A s part of the impl ementation of the new devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adjusted, corre cted and reje ct unsuita ble, ina ppr opriate a nd eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a pproach base d on a broa d visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr uction, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsure t hat new development i deas take root i n forest areas. I n a new development conce pt for weapon traini ng ca dre. Education leaders "in the new, not hing" two arti cles, e nha nci ng vitality and pow er. Combi ned development "six big i ndustry", and im plementation "three big e ngineering", and create "two big envir onment", stre ngthe ning on ne w devel opment , and new economy conce pt of learni ng, and grasp a nd usi ng, real put thought and acti on unified t o new development conce pt up, at wit h new devel opment conce pt armed hims elf, and gui de pra ctice, effective do adv ocate i nnovation, and focused on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gree n, a nd thi ck plant ope n, a nd adva nce share d. Second, we mu st rely on S cience and technology affects. Techni cal innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

而是运用已有的知识来指导员工,不断进行 5%的改进与改良”体现了文化创新是在继承的 基础上的创新,此题是在考查继承和发展与文化创新的关系。 答案:文化创新的过程,既是一个改造传统的过程,又是一个创造新文化、发展先进文 化的过程。一方面,对传统文化“取其精华、去其糟粕”“推陈出新、革故鼎新”,是文化 创新的基本途径之一。文化创新离不开对传统的继承,继承是创新的必要前提。另一方面, 创新是继承的必然要求,文化创新表现在为传统注入时代元素。对一个国家和民族来说,如 果漠视对传统文化的批判性继承,其民族文化的创新,就会失去根基。对一个企业来讲,忽 视对传统的批判性继承,同样也会失去其存在的根本。迪斯尼公司不断进行 5%的改进与改 良,以此完成了一个又一个令无数人绞尽脑汁的创新任务,原因就在这里。

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd s oci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief an d devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards , state card, built on the basi s of docume nt manageme nt. To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res our ce integration, and related fundi ng, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a com binati on of employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for pove rty eradication poverty era dicati on, e ducation, poverty allevi ation, medical ai d of poverty means, due t o effect s of poli cies , those policie s, ensure the completion of missi on obje ctives for poverty eradicati on for the year. To actively promot e the construction of new t owns. In Fe bruary thi s year, promulgated by the State Council on further prom oting ur bani zation co nstruction of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr onizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation a nd cult ural heritage of new ur banizati on path wit h Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district-wide construction of civilize d city a nd the bea utiful countrysi de, furt her strengt heni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drai nage a nd sew age, waste di sposal ground, underground, s uch as i nfrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and mor e livable e nvironme nt. To actively s eize the full stop a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and deve lopme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council sites a nd centres conce ntrated in vill ages and tow ns. Combi ned development of ur ban construction and touri sm industries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suitabl e for reside ntial a nd farm tour towns and villages, for ming one vill age one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the mas ses. Si nce la st year, o ur in-de pth impl ementation of the lea ding cadres of grassroots ma sses at w ork, solve t he pr oblems of a large number of pe ople, get the masses give w hol ehearte d support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, absol utely ca nnot or movement . Grassr oots mass es and ca dres in combi nation with poverty reducti on, combi ned

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